Enterprise Artificial Intelligence Definitions

This glossary explains the meaning of key words and phrases that information technology (IT) and business professionals use when discussing artificial intelligence and related software products. You can find additional definitions by visiting WhatIs.com or using the search box below.

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  • M

    motion analysis

    Motion analysis is a measuring technique used in computer vision, image processing and high-speed photography applications to detect movement.

  • N

    artificial neural network (ANN)

    In information technology (IT), a neural network is a system of hardware and/or software patterned after the operation of neurons in the human brain.

  • narrow AI (weak AI)

    Narrow AI is an application of artificial intelligence technologies to enable a high-functioning system that replicates – and perhaps surpasses -- human intelligence for a dedicated purpose.

  • natural language generation (NLG)

    Natural language generation (NLG) is the use of artificial intelligence (AI) programming to produce written or spoken narrative from a dataset.

  • natural language understanding (NLU)

    Natural language understanding (NLU) is a branch of artificial intelligence (AI) that works to use computers to understand input made in the form of sentences in text or speech format.

  • neural net processor

    A neural net processor is a CPU that takes the modeled workings of how a human brain operates onto a single chip. Neural net processors reduce the requirements for brain-like computer processing from whole networks of computers that excel in complex applications such as AI, machine learning or computer vision down to one multi-cored chip.

  • neuromorphic computing

    Neuromorphic computing is a method of computer engineering in which elements of a computer are modeled after systems in the human brain and nervous system.

  • neurosynaptic chip (cognitive chip)

    A neurosynaptic chip, also known as a cognitive chip, is a computer processor that functions more like a biological brain than a typical CPU does.

  • O

    OpenAI

    OpenAI is a non-profit research company that aims to develop and direct artificial intelligence (AI) in ways that benefit humanity as a whole.

  • P

    predictive modeling

    Predictive modeling is a process that uses data mining and probability to forecast outcomes.

  • probabilistic robotics

    Probabilistic robotics, also called statistical robotics, is a field of robotics that involves the control and behavior of robots in environments subject to unforeseeable events. Because reality always involves uncertainty, probabilistic robotics may help robots to more effectively contend with real-world scenarios.

  • PyTorch

    PyTorch is an open source machine learning (ML) framework based on the Python programming language and the Torch library. It is one of preferred platforms for deep learning research.

  • reinforcement learning

    Reinforcement learning is a training method based on rewarding desired behaviors and/or punishing undesired ones.

  • R

    recurrent neural networks

    Recurrent neural networks are a type of advanced neural network that uses directed cycles in memory in order to perform recurrent tasks on a body of data.

  • robo-advisor

    A robo-advisor is an artificial intelligence (AI) driven virtual financial advisor. Robo-advisors are a type of expert system optimized for financial services.

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