Enterprise Artificial Intelligence Definitions

This glossary explains the meaning of key words and phrases that information technology (IT) and business professionals use when discussing artificial intelligence and related software products. You can find additional definitions by visiting WhatIs.com or using the search box below.

  • I

    image recognition

    Image recognition, in the context of machine vision, is the ability of software to identify objects, places, people, writing and actions in images.

  • intelligent agent

    An intelligent agent is a program that can make decisions or perform a service based on its environment, user input and experiences.

  • K

    knowledge engineering

    Knowledge engineering is a field of artificial intelligence (AI) that tries to emulate the judgment and behavior of a human expert in a given field.

  • L

    laboratory robotics

    Laboratory robotics is the practice of using robots to perform or assist in laboratory tasks. While laboratory robots have found applications in diverse industries and sciences, pharmaceutical companies have used them more than any other group.

  • lemmatization

    Lemmatization is the grouping together of different forms of the same word.

  • M

    machine learning (ML)

    Machine learning (ML) is a category of algorithm that allows software applications to become more accurate in predicting outcomes without being explicitly programmed.

  • machine learning bias (algorithm bias or AI bias)

    Machine learning bias, also known as algorithm bias or AI bias, is a phenomenon that occurs when an algorithm produces results that are systematically prejudiced due to erroneous assumptions in the machine learning process.

  • machine vision (computer vision)

    Machine vision, which is the ability of a computer to see, employs one or more video cameras, analog-to-digital conversion (ADC) and digital signal processing (DSP). The resulting data goes to a computer or robot controller. Machine vision is similar in complexity to voice recognition.

  • motion analysis

    Motion analysis is a measuring technique used in computer vision, image processing and high-speed photography applications to detect movement.

  • N

    artificial neural network (ANN)

    In information technology (IT), a neural network is a system of hardware and/or software patterned after the operation of neurons in the human brain.

  • narrow AI (weak AI)

    Narrow AI is an application of artificial intelligence technologies to enable a high-functioning system that replicates – and perhaps surpasses -- human intelligence for a dedicated purpose.

  • natural language generation (NLG)

    Natural language generation (NLG) is the use of artificial intelligence (AI) programming to produce written or spoken narrative from a dataset.

  • natural language understanding (NLU)

    Natural language understanding (NLU) is a branch of artificial intelligence (AI) that works to use computers to understand input made in the form of sentences in text or speech format.

  • neural net processor

    A neural net processor is a CPU that takes the modeled workings of how a human brain operates onto a single chip. Neural net processors reduce the requirements for brain-like computer processing from whole networks of computers that excel in complex applications such as AI, machine learning or computer vision down to one multi-cored chip.

  • neurosynaptic chip (cognitive chip)

    A neurosynaptic chip, also known as a cognitive chip, is a computer processor that functions more like a biological brain than a typical CPU does.

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